Scholarship builds on the work of others. Citations give credit where credit is due. Citations, whether in-line in the text of a work or found in a reference list or bibliography, note the source of the work, words, ideas, or facts that you use in your writing or presentation.
Why are citations used?
To give credit to the work of others
To add authority and credibility to your claims
To be honest about the extent of your original contribution
To avoid plagiarism
What is plagiarism?
Plagiarism is when you use someone else’s ideas, work, or words as if they were your own. Plagiarism occurs anytime you do not give credit where credit is due. Plagiarism is an ethical and legal issue. Ohio Wesleyan University addresses plagiarism in the Academic Honesty Policy.
How do I cite a source from the Web?
There is a lot of variability in how web pages are cited. The citation styles mentioned above have not yet settled on a standard method for citing a web page. However, there are discrete elements which academic librarians agree should be included in any citation from the web. These include:
Authorship The individual or organization responsible.
It is a bad sign if you cannot identify the responsible party for information found on the internet!
Title of Page (or page heading), in quotation marks
Date of Creation or Last Update The date the contents were written or posted, if known - usually found at the bottom of web pages.
URL The full and complete URL as found in the address bar of your browser must be given in angle brackets.
Date Accessed The date you accessed the information found on the Web page, in parentheses.
Name of Information Provider if you are using a journal article or other information found in any fee-based service. Examples of this include any of the research databases or electronic journals collections provided by Ohio Wesleyan University Libraries (e.g. Periodical Abstracts, OhioLINK Electronic Journal Collection, Lexis-Nexis), in square brackets.
Web Citation Examples:
A Web Page
Delaware County, "Dalis Project Home," date unspecified,
<http://www.dalisproject.org/aboutDalis.htm> (01 March 2002).
John Krygier, "Geog 222 Exercise 4: Geographic Informtion on the WWW,"
03 January 2002, <http://www.owu.edu/~jbkrygie/krygier_html/geog_222/
geog_222_exer/04_222_exer04.html> (01 March 2002).
Understanding Citations (5 Colleges of Ohio Information Literacy Tutorial) Includes examples of many different types of items with links to labeled diagrams of actual citations.
Deborah Carter Peoples Science Librarian Librarian Liaison to Geography and Environmental Studies Ohio Wesleyan University Libraries& Information Services
Geography 222 The Power of Maps and GIS is a faculty/librarian collaboration for course enhancement with principles of Information Literacy. Support for this project was provided by the Five Colleges of Ohio Mellon Grant for Information Literacy.